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LOWER BACK STRAIN                                                   KANDILNOTES


  • A low back strain is inflammation or stretching/partial tearing of one or more of the muscles around the lower back

  • Low back strains are common in patients of all ages and can range from minor strains from poor positioning or major strains from trauma


  • Poor posture

  • Lifting a heavy object


  • Fall or collision

  • Repetitive low back or trunk motion

  • Muscle irritation from pinched nerve

  • Degenerative disk disease


  • The goal of treatment is to decrease pain and muscle irritability/spasm 

  • Most symptoms of low back strain will go away in 4 to 6 weeks. However, severe injuries may take longer to heal completely

  • Home exercise program: Early motion helps patients maintain neck motion and prevent stiffness. Begin by warming low back with a heating pad or warm towels. Do the following stretches in 3 sets of 10 repetitions twice daily.

  • Low back rotation by gently turning the body to the right and holding for a few seconds then repeating on the left

  • Low back tilting and holding for a few seconds. Repeat to the left.

  • Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can help with pain and inflammation

  • Muscle relaxants can help ease spasms

  • Physical Therapy and manual therapy for patients with refractory symptoms

  • Ultrasound therapy

  • Back braces may help support the low back and relieve pressure on the lumbar spine


  • Avoid lifting heavy objects, repetitive activities, and excessive exertion

  • Posture modifications to correct muscle tension 

  • Sit straight in a neutral posture with the crown of the head tall, chin minimally tilted down, shoulders down, and the scapula retracted and depressed

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